Dr. Annalisa Primi is Senior Economist and Head of Structural Polices and Innovation Unit at the OECD Development Centre (Paris, France) in charge of analysis and policy advice on innovation, structural change and industrial development. She is the Head of the OECD Policy Dialogue Initiative on GVCs, Production Transformation and Development. She has been the lead-economist for the OECD (2013), Perspectives on Global Development 2013: Industrial policies in a Changing World. She joined the OECD in 2009, and previously to the Development Centre, she worked as economist for the Directorate of Science, Technology and Industry and for the Directorate for Public Governance and Territorial Development. From 2003 to 2009 she was Associated Expert Economic Officer at the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL), in Santiago, Chile. Her work focuses on the linkages between innovation, production development and intellectual property and the role of the state in shaping development trajectories. She has extensive experience in targeted policy support and technical assistance in emerging and developing economies on innovation and industrial policies. She has a record of official and academic publications (cfr. OECD (2013), Start-up Latin America: promoting innovation in the region; OECD (2012), Industrial Policies and Territorial Development: lessons from Korea; author of The Return of Industrial Policy: (What) Can Africa Learn from Latin America? in Noman and Stiglitz (eds.) 2015, Industrial Policy and Economic Transformation in Africa, Oxford University Press; co-author of Intellectual Property and Industrial Development: a Critical Assessment, in Cimoli, Dosi, Stiglitz (eds.) 2009, Industrial Policy and Development, Oxford University Press). She holds a PhD in Economics from School of Business and Economics of the University of Maastricht, The Netherlands, a Master Degree International Cooperation and Economic Development from the University of Pavia (Italy) and a Degree cum laude in Economics of Institutions and Financial Markets at the University of Tor Vegata (Rome, Italy).